Hardware PropertiesInterfacing devices
Types of UARTs
Loop Back Plug
As COM-ports are asynchronous connection devices, buffers for incoming and outgoing data are provided to make the work with the ports more effective. It is connected with the fact that the data bus baud rates greatly varies from the line baud rates, that's why to optimize the work of the system it is advisable to read data from/write data into the port by batches regardles of when they were received. One can also write data into the buffer and only then start the transmission - it is useful when the batch transmission is needed regardless of whether the system is busy. To set the size of the receiving and transmitting buffers SetupComm function is used.
BOOL SetupComm(HANDLE hFile, DWORD dwInQueue, DWORD dwOutQueue);
hFile — the descriptor of the open communication port file;
dwInQueue - receiving buffer size, in bytes;
dwOutQueue - transmitting buffer size, in bytes
Let's assume you exchange 1024-byte-batches of information with en external device. In this case the reasonable size of buffers will be 1200. SetupComm function is also interesting as it can just take the size you specify into consideration and correct it, or it can reject the specified size of buffers - in this case its work will end in an error.
Function usage example:
if (!SetupComm(hCOM,2048,2048)) cout << "Error Open" << endl;
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